Here is an essay on the ‘Public Employees Union’ for class 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on the ‘Public Employees Union’ especially written for school and college students.
Essay on Public Employees Union
- Essay on the Origin of Public Employees Union
- Essay on the Objectives of Employees Unions
- Essay on the Methods for Achieving the Objectives of Employees Unions
- Essay on the Legal Status of Public Employees Union in India
Essay # 1. Origin of Public Employees Union:
Trade unionism among the employees is in fact of more recent growth than the vocational associations.
Generally, lower ranks of employees both in the government departments and public enterprise opt for union. These unions have sprung up due to rapid increase in the number and importance of public services, the accentuation of employer-employee conflicts in public service and the acute inflationary conditions of war and post-war periods.
Essay # 2. Objectives of Employees Unions:
Following are the various objectives of the unions:
(i) To exert pressure on the authorities that the merit rule should be adopted and under no circumstances, the spoils system should be a substitute for the merit principle. This indirectly helps in effecting efficiency and economy of administration.
(ii) To strive for the classification of services on the basis of kind of work to be done by the incumbent of a particular office.
(iii) To emphasize that compensation for the work should be adjusted with the nature of the work.
(iv) To stress that the minimum wage law may be strictly followed.
(v) To see that the service records are properly maintained and the promotions are made mainly on that basis.
(vi) To insist on the adoption of a proper retirement plan so that retired man does not feel frustrated after retirement.
(vii) To bring pressure to bear on the government for improvement of pay and conditions of service.
(viii) To provide a forum for the employees for exchange of ideas and experience.
(ix) To foster the growth of esprit de corps and group consciousness among the members.
(x) To heighten the morale of the employees.
(xi) To enhance the prestige of the members.
(xii) To undertake research on selected problems and disseminate up-to-date information.
(xiii) To give suggestions to the authorities for reform and improvement of the service, and
(xiv) To formulate a code of ethics for the members to follow in their work and conduct.
Essay # 3. Methods for Achieving the Objectives of Employees Unions:
Following methods may be adopted by the unions to achieve their objectives:
(i) Election of Sympathetic Legislators:
Unions exhort their member employee to elect sympathetic legislators who can strongly advocate their cause on the floor of the legislatures. The office bearers of the unions meet their favourite legislators in the lobbies and persuade them to get favourable legislation passed.
The union leaders meet the concerned ministers in deputations and attempt to convince them of the genuineness of their demands.
(iii) Defence in Suits:
The unions defend their member employees in the courts of law if they are hauled up by the latter for one reason or the other.
(iv) Defence before Commissions:
The Unions defend the employees before the Public Service Commissions, regarding cases of promotion or disciplinary action.
The Unions publish journals which expound the claims of the employees and give concrete suggestions for improving the existing system of work with a view to effect economy.
If all these constitutional methods fail to yield fruits, they may resort to strike. However, strike is to be an occasional medicine and not a daily diet. It may be resorted to, only when doors of negotiations are completely closed and only when the employees’ unions are sure of their strength and unity.
Essay # 4. Legal Status of Public Employees Union in India:
Article 19 of the Constitution read with Article 309 determine the legal status of Public Employees Unions in our country. Clause (1) of Article 19 confers on all citizens the fundamental right to freedom of speech, expression, assembly, and association, etc. Clause (2) of the same article empowers the state to impose reasonable restrictions on the exercise of these rights in the interests of the security of the State.
Article 309 empowers the legislature to regulate the recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to public services and posts. Since the interests of the State expect from its employees honesty, impartiality, efficiency and discipline, the State can impose and has actually imposed reasonable restrictions upon the fundamental rights of the public servants.
It is for the Government to determine as to what constitutes the ‘reasonable restrictions’ upon the Fundamental Rights of the public servants. The courts are expected to come in the picture only when such a regulation goes beyond the generally accepted conception of government powers.