Here is an essay on the ‘Study of Public Administration in India’ for class 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraphs, long and short essays on the ‘Study of Public Administration in India’ especially written for school and college students.
Essay # 1. Introduction to the Study of Public Administration:
In India, the study of public administration is still in its infancy. At the Higher Secondary or Intermediate level it does not form a part of curriculum. At the Degree level almost all Universities have started Elements of Public Administration as an elective subject.
At the postgraduate level, only a few Universities have provided for a course of Master’s degree in Public Administration. Certain Universities have provided for a Diploma course in Public Administration.
Most Universities have provided for a Degree or Diploma course in a specialized branch of Public Administration. The Delhi School of Economics offers a course of Instruction in Business Administration. The Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics, Bombay, provides for a Diploma Course in Public and Business Administration.
The Nagpur and Allahabad Universities offer a Diploma Course in Local Self-Government. Agra University’s Institute of Social Sciences, Patna University and Baroda University provide a degree course in Social and Labour Welfare Administration.
Gradually Public administration as a subject of study is gaining popularity. Most of the colleges have made provision for its study at under graduate level.
Essay # 2. Indian Institute of Public Administration:
The need of intensive study of the problems of administrative reforms was stressed both by the Gorwala Report of 1951 and the Appleby Report of 1953, As a result of these Reports, the Government of India established in March, 1954 the Indian Institute of Public Administration at New Delhi.
The Institute right from its inception had an ambitious plan to lay the foundation of administrative reform and at the same time to give Public Administration both a professional and practical basis. For this purpose, the Institute runs a School of Public Administration. The school provides education for Master’s Diploma in Public Administration.
The Institute guides and directs research programme in Public Administration. It also provides a variety of training courses for civil servants. The Institute has Regional and Local Branches at important places like Patna, Jaipur, Calcutta, Bombay, Chandigarh and Bangalore, which act as discussion forums.
The Institute also publishes a journal entitled ‘Indian Journal of Public Administration’ which has been an informative and stimulating source of knowledge on Indian Administration.
Besides, Institutes of Public administration have been set up at state level. HIPA (Haryana Institute of Public Administration) exists at Gurgaon. Likewise other states also are opting for such Institutes. A senior civil service officer is put as in-charge of such an Institution. From time to time training courses of state level officers are held here.
Besides, in service Training Courses, wherever necessitated are imparted here. Discussions on state Legislation pertaining to the public welfare are also arranged. Recently in HIPA at Gurgaon college Principals were invited for a week or so to discuss “Right to Information’ and exhorted to enlighten their teachers, office and students about its practical utility.
Essay # 3. Management Studies and Training in India:
The need for studies and training in Business and Industrial Management has since been realized in the country. In 1957 the Government of India established in Hyderabad an Administrative Staff College.
The object of the college is to cultivate administrative skills and talents in the trainees drawn both from the government and the industry. The training is given mostly through syndicates and seminars.
A National Management Organization was set up in 1957 and since then, regional management bodies are being organized in different parts of the country. The Union Ministry of Scientific Research and Technical Education later to set up seven regional centres to meet the needs of the business and industrial organizations of this vast country.
The All-India Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management in Calcutta and the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, cater to the needs of Eastern Region; the Victoria Jubilee Technical Institute in Bombay and the Department of Business Administration of the Bombay University serve the needs of the Western Region; the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, and the Department of Business Administration, Madras University cater to the needs of the Southern Region; and the Indian Institute of Engineering, Delhi, and the Delhi School of Economics look after the Northern Region.
There are two All-India Institutes of Business Management—one at Ahmedabad and another at Calcutta—to impart higher education and research in business administration.
The National Productivity Council set up as early as 1953 also organizes temporary training centres for foremanship and business executive from time to time at different places. To improve the quality of education and training in these Institutes an All-India Conference of Training Managers and coordinators was convened in 1970.
The Conference succeeded in constituting an Indian Society for Training and Development with branches in all the industrial cities, e.g., Calcutta, Delhi, Bombay and Madras.
It is hoped that the various institutes set up in the country will succeed in meeting the needs of the business and industrial organizations for training personnel in the diversified field of Management by holding in service and past entry training courses from time to time.
Essay # 4. National Academy of Administration:
It was set up at Missouri in 1959. The Academy imparts instruction in administration to the new entrants in the Indian Administrative and Central Services. It also provides refresher and orientation courses for the officers in service.
The Academy has greatly contributed to the study of Public Administration. It has developed its own teaching materials. It has produced a high class literature on Indian Administration.
Corresponding to the National Academy of Administration there are civil service training institutes in Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan Uttar Pradesh and Haryana.
Besides, there are Central Secretariat Training School, National Institute of Health Administration and Education, National Institute of Mass Communication, Indian Institute of Foreign Trade, Training Institute for Revenue Service, all located in Delhi; I.A.A.S. Staff College at Shimla; Railway Staff College at Baroda; Income Tax Service Training School at Nagpur; National Police Academy at Abu.
All these institutions have not only provided training to new entrants in different services but also contributed greatly towards the development and systematization of the subject-matter of Public Administration. Administrative Staff College at Hyderabad imparts training to personnel drawn from industry, commerce and government.